mountain biking injuries statistics

For acute LBP in mountain bikers, a thorough evaluation with special attention to disc disease is necessary (34). HORRIBLE MOUNTAIN BIKING AND CYCLING INJURIES. Mountain biking can sometimes get a bad rap from land managers afraid of risking lawsuits that may arise from such a “dangerous” activity. Sideline skin and wound care for acute injuries. Combined with a significantly higher degrees of thoracic kyphosis (49) and flexed arms with scapular protraction and pectoral shortness, mechanical disadvantage of cervical spinal stabilizers is likely. Approximately 27% of injuries occur to the lower leg, 25% to the forearm, and 21% to the knee. The most commonly injured body site was the lower leg (27%) followed by the forearm (25%). Firstly, thanks to all the riders who completed the questionnaire. The Center for Disease Control released dirt bike injuries statistics for the 2001-2004 period which summarized the following: More than 88% of the casualties were male 12 to 15-year olds recorded the highest rate of non-fatal trauma More than 60% of the victims suffered trauma in an extremity where 35% of the injuries were fractures The injury rate was 1.54 injuries per 1000 biker exposures. Facilitation of early responders’ access to the site of incident, providing them with proper equipment, and coordination of patient transfer plan with near trauma centers appear to be of utmost importance. Also, further investigation of the effects of protective gear design on injury prevention should be stressed. According to Statista, bicycle expenses per consumer in 2015 were $23.02. Even from the safest appearing sports like golf, you can suffer from debilitating repetitive strain injuries. Dr Mérchen Naudé is a Sports Physician practising in Pretoria, and is an avid triathlete and mountain biker. The most common mountain biking injuries are: Fractured forearm; Fractured hand or wrist; Fractured shoulder or clavicle; Head trauma or concussion; Trauma to the face; That sounds like a lot but let’s look at what are the common injuries. Suboptimal foot position also can negatively affect the kinetic chain during cycling and possibly lead to a significant number of injuries in cyclists (34). Bike fit, postural corrective exercises, strengthening of cervical spine stabilizers, physical modalities, acupuncture, and osteopathic manipulative techniques are helpful. Genitourinary problems in bicyclists. 31. Bonilla-Yoon I, Masih S, Patel DB, et al. In MBTP areas and during MTB races, the prehospital medical team should be prepared to manage fractures, head, face, and spine injuries, lacerations, abdominal trauma, and rib fractures (35). 35. Smith TM, Sawyer SF, Sizer PS, Brismée JM. Atanda A Jr, Ruiz D, Dodson CC, Frederick RW. 17. 20. 39. A standardized injury definition and implementation of an injury surveillance program is recommended. Only 4.4% of mountain bikers have been reported to use mouthguards in a multinational study (48). Over 70% of the patients who suffered bicycle injuries were male. Impingement of the pudendal nerve in Alcock’s canal due to stretching, vibration, and ischemia has been proposed as the cause of pudendal neuralgia and paresthesia in cyclists (51). 3. Mountain biking injuries requiring trauma center admission: a 10-year regional trauma system experience. 52. The injury patterns associated with elite level and competitive mountain biking are known. The most common cycling accidents involve bruises and minor cuts, followed by fractures, then lacerations and strains and sprains. Of … 2002;32(8):523-37. doi: 10.2165/00007256-200232080-00004. In contrast to road cycling, the more upright riding posture of mountain bikers leads to higher loading of buttocks area (42). 22. CS, chain stay; TT, top tube; R, reach; ST, seat tube; STA, seat-tube angle; HT, head tube; HTA, head-tube angle; WB, wheel base; TT, top tube; SH, saddle height. For overuse injuries, most studies have used a self-reporting system. Aleman KB, Meyers MC. Kotler DH, Babu AN, Robidoux G. Prevention, evaluation, and rehabilitation of cycling-related injury.  |  26. In 1974 local cycle enthusiasts Gary Fisher and Charles Crow began riding the … But giving children and adults a safe place to ride away from the streets could actually save lives and prevent injuries–if only we give it a chance. Weakness and fatigue of cervical stabilizers lead to recruitment of muscles, such as levator scapula and trapezius, to keep the neck extended. With almost a third of injuries occur… Patellar maltracking, functional malalignment during cycling (resulting from improperly wide seats or Q-factor, genu valgum or pes planus) and decreased lumbopelvic stability and impaired hip abductor function also may exist (13,34,62). Common modifiable bike fit area problems based on common chronic injuries in mountain bikers (. Interestingly, 16 percent of road cycling injuries were to the head, while only six percent of mountain biking injuries were the same. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Despite the fact that most injuries encountered by the mountain bikers during a race are minor, occasional life-threatening injuries can happen (10,35,37,40,45). 4 Common Mountain Biking Injuries. J Sports Sci Med. Epub 2008 Feb 21. Spinal column and spinal cord injuries in mountain bikers: a 13-year review. Simple seat height adjustment in bike fitting can reduce injury risk. The year with the lowest expenses way 2009, with $13.69. The overall injury rate of 1.54 injuries per 1000 biker exposures suggests that recreational mountain biking compares favourably with many other popular sports. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. 8. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) for refractory Achilles tendinopathy: a prospective audit with 2-year follow up. If the bike set up is incorrect for the rider, then it is quite easy to suffer from back pain and knee pain. Mountain Biking Accidents and Statistics Abdominal injury. The injury rate was 1.54 injuries … One particularly interesting area for future research is the recent use of anisotropic foams in bicycle helmets to reduce acceleration forces during impact (61). According to Statista, bicycle expenses per consumer in 2015 were $23.02. 43. In the United States, the number of mountain bikers has increased from 6.75 million in 2006 to 8.32 million in 2015 (23). Teschke K, Frendo T, Shen H, Harris MA, Reynolds CC, Cripton PA, Brubacher J, Cusimano MD, Friedman SM, Hunte G, Monro M, Vernich L, Babul S, Chipman M, Winters M. BMC Public Health. [Current trends and injuries in cycling: faster, further, e-bike?]. Mountain biking is increasing in popularity worldwide. For experts it was 17.9 injuries per 1000 h of exposure, which is significantly higher than the 13.4 for professional riders (OR 1.34; 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.75; p=0.03). The vicious cycling: bicycling related urogenital disorders. Mountain biking is a popular outdoor recreational activity, an exciting adventure sport, and now an Olympic cycling discipline. 2018 Sep 19;9:1642. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01642. Does Age Matter? The annual number of injuries decreased 56%, from a high of 23 177 in 1995 to 10 267 in 2007 ( P < .001). Mountain biking injuries in children and adolescents. Seto CK, Way D, O'Connor N. Environmental illness in athletes. 61. The abovementioned malalignments are similar to the circumstances of “upper crossed syndrome” (47) contributing to cervicalgia, thoracic outlet syndrome, and cervicogenic headaches. Low back pain (LBP) is a common complaint among mountain bikers with a prevalence of 24% to 41% (13). 24. Orthopade. 5. Patients —is the operative word. As the feel-good-edness of Bike Week wears off, I’d like to point your attention to maps getting some attention in the blogosphere. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Muscle activation patterns and patellofemoral pain in cyclists. Influence of saddle fore-aft position on knee joint forces. Injury and illness in mountain bicycle stage racing: experience from the Trans-Sylvania Mountain Bike Epic Race. Stoop R, Hohenauer E, Vetsch T, Deliens T, Clijsen R. J Sports Sci Med. This website uses cookies. Through questionnaires and phone surveys, the researchers found many surprising statistics about bicycle injuries and risk factors for serious injuries: 1. Strategies of injury prevention should focus on improvements in riders' technique, checking of local trail conditions and protective equipment design. Sports-related fractures in South East Scotland: an analysis of 990 fractures. The PFPS, ITBFS, and tendinopathies have been mentioned as common chronic knee injuries in cyclists (34). Thus, any muscle imbalances in other planes may contribute to such chronic injuries (13). Aitken SA, Biant LC, Court-Brown CM. 16. Approach to the active patient with chronic anterior knee pain. The wear and tear of 26.2: dermatological injuries reported on marathon day. Mountain biking originated in Marin County, California. Genital area numbness (GAN) and erectile dysfunction (with prevalence of 50% to 91% and 13% to 24%, respectively) are two of the most common chronic injuries of genitourinary system in male cyclists (27). Improper reach, narrow handlebars, gloves with poor padding, poor postural habits, longer rides, and increased weight may be precipitating factors. By: ActionHub Reporters - Posted: February 2, 2017. 62. Many mountain bikers do other sports, including road cycling, skiing, running and mountaineering, with almost all having their respective patterns of chronic injuries. Knee laceration as a result of a fall during a mountain bike race. This study analysed the incidence, spectrum and risk factors for injuries sustained during recreational mountain biking. 53. Mountain biking is increasing in popularity worldwide. Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a commonly encountered diagnosis among cyclists and is typically manifested by retroptellar or anterior knee pain (16). Surgery was required for about two-thirds of the mountain bikers. Appropriate bike fit and use of protective equipment, such as a helmet, can decrease the risks of some of these injuries. There are two sets of tables. She has completed several Ironman triathlon, Xterra, mountain biking events and stage races. USA.gov. Most injuries in mountain biking are mild, but a variety of injuries can occur. 48. Greenhill D, Haydel C, Rehman S. Management of the Morel-Lavallée lesion. 6. Despite its high prevalence, there is a paucity of high-quality research on precipitating factors of LBP in mountain bikers. Here are the annual fatality numbers: 2007 = 701, 2008 = 718, 2009 = 628, 2010 = 623, 2011 = 682, 2012 = 734, 2013 = 749, 2014 = 729, 2015 = 829, 2016 = 852, 2017 = 806, 2018 = 857. Sports injuries and illnesses during the London Summer Olympic Games 2012. 13. Background: Lane JC, McDermott FT. The infographic below shows industry data as collated in August, 2016. The interaction of these sports in the epidemiology and pathogenesis of MTB injuries can be of interest for further research. Priego Quesada J, Jacques T, Bini R, Carpes F. Importance of static adjustment of knee angle to determine saddle height in cycling. More than 1.4 million people are treated for bicycle-related injuries each year. Hot foot. Course medical directors and volunteer physicians should be familiar with the common injuries and illnesses unique to their races. The authors declare no conflict of interest and do not have any financial disclosures. Other complaints include dysuria, scrotal abnormalities, urogenital, and perineal pain. Dental injuries in mountain biking—a survey in Switzerland, Austria, Germany and Italy. 2. While the clipless shoes provide the cyclist with mechanical advantage in energy transfer chain during cycling, they potentially expose the cyclist to some injuries including metatarsalgia (62) and Morton’s neuroma (34). As orthopaedic surgeons, we treat many of these injuries. About 1 in 1,000 cyclists are in injury crashes every year, compared with about 3 in 1,000 car drivers - and the cost of car crashes is among the top injury-related health costs in NZ Since 2000 about 750 people cycling were injured and 10 killed on average on the road every year, only 5% of the total - low given the numbers of people cycling In 2012 a study published in Wilderness and Environmental Medicine recorded injuries treated at the clinic near the Whistler Mountain Bike Park. Methods —Data were collected prospectively over one year on all patients presenting with an injury caused by either recreational or competitive off road mountain biking. Professional coach Alan Milway takes us through the most common mountain biking injuries, and explains how to get back on the bike in top form. In 2013, 8.5 million Americans participated in mountain biking, up 20% from 2007 with more than 2.7 billion mountain bike outings The high speeds achieved during downhill sections can lead to falls and serious injury. Force is mainly generated in a sagittal plane. 41. Gaulrapp H, Weber A, Rosemeyer B. Mountain bikers are at a much higher risk of fractures, dislocations, and … Dinsdale NJ. Chow TK, Kronisch RL. Pes anserine bursitis and medial plica syndrome are other causes of anterior knee pain in mountain bikers. 2019 Dec;48(12):1019-1029. doi: 10.1007/s00132-019-03824-4. FitzGibbon S, Vicenzino B, Sisto SA. Precipitating factors include with gastrosoleus shortness (62), improper saddle height, foot hyperpronation, soft shoes, and improper cleat position (34). I asked the same questions of both downhill and cross-country riders and had a really good response rate from both. The commonest types of injury were wounding, skeletal fracture and musculoskeletal soft tissue injury. to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without No research has addressed sports-specific treatment of chronic LBP in mountain bikers (34,56). Background: Off road mountain biking is now an extremely popular recreation and a potent cause of serious injury. Asplund C, Barkdull T, Weiss BD. Jumping off jumps is great fun. The double crush syndrome: a common occurrence in cyclists with ulnar nerve neuropathy—a case-control study. Injuries range from minor wounds, such as cuts and abrasions from falls on gravel or other surfaces, to major injuries such as broken bones, head or spinal injuries resulting from impacts with rocks, trees or the terrain being ridden on. Body mass index, estimated cycling distance per season, and increased saddle width were modifiable precipitating factors for various complaints. Proper stabilization and transportation to a medical facility is crucial for the management of cyclists with life-threatening injuries. Mountain biking originated in Marin County, California. Schematic bicycle diagram. Mountain biking is a fast, exciting adventure sport with increasing numbers of participants and competitions. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Here we are talking about mountain biking where 70% of injuries are caused by human error. 56. Etiology and intervention for common overuse syndromes associated with mountain biking. Most frequent injury types were abrasions (64%) and contusions (56%). The injury rate was 1.54 injuries per 1000 biker exposures. 58. Morel-Lavallée lesion in sports. “Being a mountain biker myself, and a Sports Physiotherapist in Peebles, Scotland – arguably the most popular mountain bike destination in the UK , I regularly see riders with a variety of injuries – and our injury statistics clearly supports the view that back pain in mountain biking is on the increase” 62% of the injured bicyclists rode bikes daily. While the eMTB are primarily intended to assist the cyclists ascend, they can potentially be used to reach higher-speed DH, increasing the injury rate. Force and repetition in cycling: possible implications for iliotibial band friction syndrome. Taylor J, Dunkerley S, Silver D, et al. Mountain biking is a sport involving cycling off the road, over varied terrain, on bikes specifically built to withstand hard knocks and rough treatment. Acute injuries in off-road bicycle racing. Therapeutic exercises, myofascial release techniques, physical modalities, and acupuncture may be of benefit. Sports Med. There is no regulation or evidence of benefits on the use of other preventative equipment, such as full facemasks, goggles, and elbow pads. But the most devastating injuries were the 40 percent that involved the spinal cord. This study analysed the incidence, spectrum and risk factors for injuries sustained during recreational mountain biking. “Being a mountain biker myself, and a Sports Physiotherapist in Peebles, Scotland – arguably the most popular mountain bike destination in the UK , I regularly see riders with a variety of injuries – and our injury statistics clearly supports the view that back pain in mountain biking is on the increase” Fractures, then lacerations and strains and sprains industry and component manufacturers in these studies lead. Complete set of features, neck pain is 20 % to the lower leg ( 27.. As the feel-good-edness of bike Week wears off, I’d like to point your to! 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